Hair transplantation is a surgical technique. This technique removes hair follicles from one part of the body and to bold another part of the body. The part of the hair follicles removal is called donor site and the bolding part of the body known as recipient site. This technique is mainly used to treat male pattern baldness. It is a minimal invasive procedure. In this procedure grafts containing hair follicles are transplanted to the bald bald scalp. We can do this procedure to restore eyebrows, eyelashes, chest hair, beard hair ,pubic hair,etc. It differs from skin grafting. Donor hair can be harvested in two different ways. They are strip harvesting and follicular unit extraction.
At initial consultation for hair transplantation, the surgeon analyzes the patient’s scalp and discusses preferences and expectations and advises them about the best approach. Pre operative folliscoopy is used to know the actual existing density of hair. For several days before surgery the patient refrains from using medications. Sometimes it will cause intraoperative bleeding and resultant poor grafting.
Alcohol consumption and smoking can lead to poor graft survival. Provide antibiotics after the surgery to prevent wound or graft infections. Mainly transplant operations are done on an outpatient basis with mild sedation. Scalp is shampooed and treated with the antibacterial agent prior to donor scalp harvested. There are different techniques for harvesting hair follicles. Proper extraction of hair follicle is paramount to ensure the viability of transplanted hair. Hair follicles grow at a slight angle to the skin surface. Transplanted tissue must be removed at the corresponding angle.
Strip harvesting is the most common technique. The sarjan harvests strips of skin from the posterior scalp in an area of good hair growth. Single or double or triple bladed scalpel is used to remove strips of hair bearing tissue. Each incision is planned. The excised strip is 1 to 1.5 × 15 – 30 cm in size. While closing the wound, dissect individual follicular unit grafts. Strip harvesting leaves a thin linear scar in the donor area , which is covered by patients hair at short length.The recovery period is 2 weeks. The stitches should be removed by medical personnel.
In follicular unit extraction individual follicular units containing 1 to 4 hairs are removed under local anaesthesia. It isc between 4.6 mm and 1.0 mm in diameter. The surgeon uses very small blades to puncture the site for receiving the grafts, and placing them in a predetermined density and angling the wound in a consistent fashion to promote realistic hair pattern
Hair transplantation is more successful than over-the-counter hair Restoration products. It is also a permanent patient that does not suffer from other medical disorders. It is not a painful surgical procedure. The hair that has been transplanted will continue to grow for a very long period of time.
We can see a clinic that provides hair transplants. It is in hair transplantation, kadavanthra.2500 hairs are fit into the bald parts. After 4 months the procedure begins to grow hair. After 8 months it will grow normally. After 10 days, hair wash should be done.
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