What is dialysis?
dialysis is a treatment that filters and purify the blood using a machine .It keeps your Fluids and electrolytes in balance when the kidney can’t do their job.It is the process of removing waste products and excess Fluids from our body. Dialysis allows patients with kidney failure. Life expectancy on dialysis can vary depending on your other medical conditions. Average life expectancy on dialysis is 5 to 10 years .many patients have lived well for 20 or 30 years.
Dialysis is used in patients with rapidly developing acute kidney injury or stage 5 chronic kidney disease and end stage of Kidney Disease.
For dialysis in a laboratory a tubular semipermeable membrane made of nitrocellulose is used. when your Kidneys can’t perform the functions like a control BP ,regulate the level of chemical elements like Sodium and potassium in the blood and activate the form of Vitamin D due to diseases or injury, dialysis can help keep the body running as possible.
Types of dialysis
It is used on artificial kidney to remove waste and extra fluid from the blood. The blood filtered through artificial kidney and returned to body with the help of Dialysis machine. This treatment usually last 3 to 5 hours. Three time per week.
- Peritoneal dialysis
It involves surgery to implant a peritoneal dialysis catheter into your abdomen. The Catheter helps filter blood through peritoneum. once the dialysate deaws waste out of the bloodstream, drained from your abdomen. This treatment takes few hours and repeated 4 to 6 times per day
- Continuous renal replacement
It is used primarily in the ICU for people with acute kidney failure. A machine passes blood through tubing filter. Remove waste products and water the blood return to body along with replacement fluid .It is performed 12 to 24 hours per day.
In chronic kidney disease ,the kidney rarely get better. You must go on dialysis permanently.
India has 950 nephrologist all over the country, 700 dialysis centres ,4000 dialysis machines, 20000 patients undergoing dialysis, 170 government recognised transplant centres ,3500 transplant annually .
Cost of dialysis
- The monthly cost of HD in most private hospitals average Rs 12000 ,
- yearly cost of dialysis Rs 140000 in India.
- The cost of AV fistula construction Rs 6000 – Rs 20,000 from government hospital .
- The average cost of erythropoietin per month Rs 4000 to Rs 10000
- The average cost of kidney transplant varies from Rs 5000 in government hospital ,300000 in average Private hospital .
- Yearly maintenance cost post transplant for drugs amounts to Rs 120000/ year or 10000/month
Low cost medicines
- we get erythropoetin medicine Rs 299 at relief Healthcare Kodungallur
- Pradhan Mantri National dialysis programme in 2016 for provision of free dialysis service to poor.
Currently under NHM 100% percentage of service procedure fees for patients from below poverty line economic group is covered.The private partner is to provide medical human resource ,Dialysis machine along with RO water plant infrastructure dialyzer, space water supply within district hospitals is provided by government for BPL patient.
For BPL families registered under RSBY, the cost of dialysis care catered through RSBY funding up to maximum coverage.
Free dialysis center in Kerala:-
Ch Muhammed Koya Memorial
Medical College PO
Phone :- 0495 2352580
Thanniyam :- 0487 23995585
Kottakkal :- IMB FREE DIALYSIS CENTER
Alappuzha :- Nephroplus DIALYSIS CENTER
Cochi :- ROSJO DIALUSIS CENTER